What causes bumps on anus?
A painful or painless bump that occurs suddenly on, inside or around your anus can be a sign of injury, infection or wrong personal hygiene. If the skin around your anus appears red or feels warm when touched, then the bumps are most likely to be caused by an underlying infection. A lump or swelling can occur anywhere on your body, but it can be quite painful when it occurs on, inside or outside your anus or rectum. The size of the bumps may vary in size, it could be large, tiny, or itchy. Some of the symptoms of an anal bump can help in the diagnosis of what the underlying cause of the lump might be.
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Let’s look at some of the most likely causes of anal lumps:
A bleeding lump on, around or inside the anus can also be the first sign of anal cancer. Other symptoms of an anal cancer bump will include the following:
- Itchy bum hole and around anus
- Minor bleeding from the anus
- Painless lump on, in, or around anus
- Swollen lymph glands in your groin
Some of the symptoms above are also likely to be caused by other non-cancerous condition such as anal fissures, anal warts, and hemorrhoids. Urgent diagnosis and treatment may be required for anal cancer bumps on anus. Treatment for anal cancer bumps will include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.
These are a form of genital wart known as as condyloma acuminate. Anal warts are small pimple like bumps that occur inside and around the anus. They don’t normally cause any pain, unless they grow big around the anus. When they grow large, they become itchy and may bleed. Some of the causes of anal warts include unprotected sex, compromised immune system, and anal intercourse. If diagnosed with this condition, treatment will often include:
- Topical medication
- Surgical removal for large wart around anus
- Laser treatment, cryotherapy and electrocautery procedures may also be used to get rid of anal warts
Another likely cause anal lumps or bumps is yeast infections. Yeast infection is caused by an overgrowth of candida infections. The infection causes the formation of a pimple like white head bumps called pustules.
Yeast infection bumps can also be seen around, mouth, vagina in females and around the groin. These bumps can be red or inflamed in appearance and are often not filled with pus. A common symptom of yeast infection around anus will include:
- Red spots around anus
- Mild to severe itching
- Swollen or inflamed bumps around anus
- Itchy pus filled bumps in some cases
Maintaining proper hygiene may help prevent yeast infection around groin. There are some home remedies like Aloe Vera and apple cider vinegar that can help clear minor fungal infections. Your dermatologist may prescribe oral or topical antifungal medication in severe cases.
Hemorrhoids, popularly known as piles are swollen blood vessel in your anus and lower rectum. The cause of the swelling is unknown, however, common causes are believed to be straining during child birth and during bowel movements. Hemorrhoids can occur inside or outside the rectum. They are harmless but can be very painful.
Some time, internal and external hemorrhoid show no symptoms, when they do, symptoms will include the following:
- Blood stain in stool
- Painless bleeding during bowel movements
- Severe itching around anus
- Painful swelling around anus
When the cause of the bump on anus is hemorrhoid proper treatment may be required of the piles take long to clear. Untreated hemorrhoid can lead to strangulated hemorrhoid and anemia.
To prevent hemorrhoid, the quantity of fiber you consume should be increased. Drink lots of water to prevent dehydration and strain when passing out stool. Regular exercises also helps.
Human papilloma virus (HPV)
Lumps in or around the anus can also be a sign of human papilloma virus infection. HPV is one of the most common sexually transmitted infection which causes warts genital areas, hands, and feet. Genital warts of HPV bumps inside, outside or around the anus are often too small to be noticed. In most cases, these bump may not cause pain or itching around the anus. To avoid anus HPV, avoid anal sex.
Genital herpes caused by the herpes simplex virus type 2, can equally be responsible for the appearance of painful bump on anus. To know if the lumps or bumps are caused by genital herpes, you may notice the following symptoms:
- Sensitive and severe itching around anus and your groin
- Collected bums around anus
- Painful bumps occurring on the surface of your skin
- Fluid filled bumps that break to form scabs around anus
Perianal hematoma is a restricted collection of blood outside the blood vessel due to disease of an injury or trauma. This bump can be located in, or on the border of the anus. A perianal hematoma is caused by the rupture of the small veins that drain blood from the anus. After a rupture, blood quickly accumulate to form a blood clot. The bump can cause severe pain as the rupture enlarge due to pressure.
MC for short, is a common viral infection of the skin which is extremely contagious and affects both children and adults. The infection can spread from one person to another by sharing clothes or touching infected surfaces. According to the national health services, the condition is said to be harmless and will often improve within a few months without treatment.
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Most common symptoms of molluscum contagiosum are the presences of small, firm raised spots on skin with a small dimple in the middle. The bumps develop in cluster and can be spread across different parts of the body.
A rectal prolapse occurs when a part of the large intestine called the rectum slips outside the anus. This illness can make the patient unable to control his or her bowel movement, a condition called fecal incontinence. Rectal prolapse is often corrected with some drugs like stool softeners, suppositories or in severe cases, surgery.
Anal skin tags
Anal or rectal skin tags are harmless growths that hung off the skin around the outside of anus. These growths are often mistaken for warts and hemorrhoids. Anal skin tags are not contagious, they can for as a result of an inflammation, a lesion, injury or as a result of the skin being left out when treating hemorrhoids.
This growth is not often a cause for medical concern, they may, however, cause problems in maintaining good proper hygiene especially after a bowel movement.
The tags may need to be surgically removed when they grow too big. The freezing or burning therapy can also be used to remove anal tags. After removing the anal skin tag, after care may involve the use of laxative, painkillers and a sitz bath to soothe and relieve pain.
Home Remedies for anal bumps and lumps
Medical diagnosis and treatment are required for lump, bump, pimple, and cyst on anus to check if they are cancerous or not. For large bumps surgical procedures may be required to get rid of the bumps. However, it is vital to address the underlying cause of the bumps. Antibiotic and antifungal creams and pill can be used for bacterial and fungal infection respectively.
- Apply warm compress
A simple warm compress can be applied around the area of discomfort to soothe and relieve painful swollen bumps around anus. This can be used on hemorrhoids, anal abscess, and other bumps on anus.
- Antiseptic creams
Topical antiseptic will help remove viral and bacterial infection caused by poor hygiene around anus. This is common for yeast infection bumps, and anal skin tags. Antiseptics will help keep your skin clean thus speeding up the healing of such infections
- Aloe Vera
Aloe Vera gel is a natural antiseptic, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory remedy. Applying aloe Vera gel on a bump on anus will help soothe the itching and relieve the swelling especially for hemorrhoids and anal warts.
- Use Tea tree oil
You can also use tea tree oil to get rid of painful, itchy and swollen lump on anus. Tea oil is said to be a great antiseptic and antifungal remedy. For those with sensitive skin, it is best to dilute the tea oil before applying on skin.