Colorectal cancer is the third most common type of cancer for both men and women. Smart food choices may help you lower your odds of getting it. According to some studies, people who eat healthful meals, exercise regularly, maintain a healthy weight, and keep alcohol to a minimum may reduce their chances of the disease by more than a third.
Foods to eat to prevent colorectal cancer
Calcium-rich dairy products can make you less likely to have colon growths and colorectal cancer, according to studies. Calcium supplements may also help. Ask your doctor what might be right for you. Vitamin D which is added to milk might also protect against this type of cancer, but more research is required.
- Whole Grains
Whole grains contains nutrients and are good sources of magnesium and fiber. Eating this food makes your stools soft and easy to pass out, and along the way, they may grab onto cancer-causing compounds in your colon. Eat 90 grams of whole grains daily including whole wheat bread, oatmeal, and brown rice.
Beans and other legumes such as lentils, peas, and soybeans, contains fiber, protein, and vitamins B and E. They also contain compounds called flavonoids, which can keep tumors from growing, as well as certain antioxidants that may help protect you from colon cancer.
Colorful Fruits and Veggies
These have natural substances called phytochemicals that may block the growth of cancer cells or fight the inflammation that can cause cancer. Studies linking fruits and veggies to preventing colon cancer have been mixed, but cancer organizations recommend them as part of a healthy diet. Good sources include broccoli, cabbage, and vitamin-C rich fruits.
Fatty fish sources like salmon are rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which is great for heart health and may slow or hinder the growth of cancer cells. But whether eating fish can help keep you from getting colorectal cancer isn’t clear. Some research discovered that people who ate fish instead of red meat were less likely to get rectal cancer. But limit your consumption of fishes like tilefish, tuna, shark, king mackerel, and swordfish. They may have mercury that can harm your health over time.
Foods to avoid for colorectal caner
A juicy burger just off the grill may be too tempting to resist, but it can be unhealthy for your colon. Scientists know that a regular diet of red meat, like beef, pork, and lamb, can make you more likely to get colorectal cancer, but they aren’t sure why. It may because of the meat itself, or cancer-causing substances may form when it’s cooked over high temperatures.
These are meats that are salted, smoked, cured, or preserved with added chemicals. Eating meats like hot dogs, bacon, ham, bologna, and packaged lunchmeat can often increase your chances of both colon and stomach cancer.
Drinking alcohol occasionally doesn’t appear to affect your chances of colon cancer. However, moderate to heavy drinking like two or three glasses daily can make you 20% more likely to get it, and heavy drinking can raise your chances by 40%. If you often have more than three drinks a day, talk to your doctor about colorectal cancer screening.
It is not yet certain whether these common foods and drinks play major roles in causing or preventing colorectal cancer. These includes foods like caffeinated beverages, coffee, tea, sugary foods, potatoes, and garlic, among others.