Stroke is also called Cerebrovascular accident (CVA). It occurs when oxygen doesn’t reach certain parts of the brain due to blockage of blood supplies to that area.
Stroke is a medical emergency as it may cause paralysis of the body parts affected. Speedy treatment can save paralysis in some cases and the damage done to the body is reduced.
Stroke can be life threatening also, therefore as soon as you notice the early warning signs, contact your doctor. Early warning signs include:
- High Blood Pressure– This is the single largest contributor to most stroke cases. Maintain a healthy blood pressure within the limit of 140/90 to reduce the risk of getting a stroke.
- Diabetes– Diabetes along with high blood pressure can be the biggest risk for stroke. Make lifestyle changes to keep you blood sugar levels under control.
- Heart Diseases– Heart Diseases can push a blood clot to the brain which can block oxygen supply.
- Brain Aneurysms– These are balloons formed in faulty arteries which can burst and cause the stroke
- Family History– Family history of strokes is also a big risk factor
Some risk factors of stroke include
How to Prevent Stroke
- Exercise Regularly
Train your body to remain flexible. A daily 45 minutes exercise, yoga and meditation will keep you calm, healthy and keep your blood pressure under control.
- Eat Healthy
Healthy eating is always good but it becomes extremely important now. Eat low fat, omega 3 rich food.
- Avoid red meat
- Avoid sugary and starchy drinks.
- Eat more fruits and vegetables.
- Reduce consumption of salty foods
- Eat nuts and seeds.
- Reduce Weight
Reduce weight if you are overweight or obese. Eat healthy and exercise regularly to help you reduce weight. You may have to do extra hard work on exercise and controlling your taste buds.
- Manage Stress
Stress is a big contributor to increase your blood pressure which become a big risk factor for stroke.
- Play light entertaining games
- Learn to relax with yoga and meditation
- Stop or reduce all competitive activities
- Quit Smoking
Quit smoking because it is bad for your lungs and arteries. Avoid drug and alcohol abuse.
Life after Stroke
Recovery from stroke can be partial or full, it may take days, weeks or even years. It is also possible that the damage is so massive that the recovery never occurs.
Depending on which area of your body is affected the therapy will be decided. Your speech and memory may have got affected, then speech and language therapists will help. Muscles and nerve problems will require physiotherapy.
Bladder and bowel movement will require measured timely efforts to retrain these organs. Swallowing and eating may require slow and concentrated efforts.
Your mental state may change affecting your behavior and judgment. All these things can be frustrating but will improve with time.
It is not only the recovery alone but you should also make sure that another stroke doesn’t occur. You will have to take medication as suggested by the doctors and remain under observation.