Benign prostatic hyperplasia, BPH, is the medical term for an enlarged prostate. According to researchers, drinking green tea may help manage the condition.
Active ingredients in green tea called polyphenols may be responsible for helping manage benign prostatic hyperplasia.
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Polyphenols are chemical compounds found in a category called phytochemicals, which occur naturally in plants.
According to various studies, the prostate absorbs polyphenols more easily than other tissues in the body. This suggests that the prostate should be receptive to polyphenols when used in the management of BPH.
Why manage BPH with green tea?
Green tea has grown in popularity to become an alternative to coffee and soft drinks, with the added health benefits from the polyphenol compounds present.
Polyphenols are abundant in plant foods, and are:
Active ingredients in green tea
Green tea’s active ingredients include:
- epigallocatechin (EGC)
- caffeic acid
- gallic acid
- chlorogenic acid
- other polyphenols
In recent animal trials and in vitro studies in laboratories, one particular polyphenol called epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) appears to have promising results because it reduced the over-production of cells and even prevented the start of BPH.
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Most studies into green tea have been conducted outside the human body, in lab cultures or animals. These studies also use concentrated versions of polyphenols, not the green tea itself, or other whole foods.
Generally, specific polyphenols, some of which occur in green tea, have been found to treat the causes and symptoms of BPH. This suggests that green tea could contribute in managing BPH together with medications and other treatments.
Health benefits of green tea
Green tea has a wide range of health benefits due to its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.
Obesity and diabetes
Green tea may help in the treatment of obesity and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus.
According to studies, green tea might help with weight management, together with exercise and improvement of diet. More studies are required to conclusively confirm the positive effects.
Green tea may also help in glucose control in people with metabolic syndrome.
Metabolic syndrome causes an increase in free radicals in the body, thereby increasing oxidative stress, which is considered a risk factor for developing BPH.
Increasing the consumption of polyphenol-containing foods such as green tea may help manage metabolic syndrome and other conditions at the same time.
Using green tea for health benefits
For someone consuming green tea, irrespective of the health reason, it is essential to continue taking required medications, eating a diet high in vegetables and fruit, and exercising. Also see you doctor regularly.
Medical and herbal treatments for BPH
There are a variety of treatments for BPH. The procedure used depends on the severity of the condition, what the individual finds tolerable, and the related side effects.
If symptoms are not too bad people can implement lifestyle changes to manage BPH.
- checking medication
- consuming less alcohol
- emptying the bladder often
- consuming more fruit and fiber
- trying urethral massage
- using pads or sheaths during the day
- double voiding the bladder
There are two types of medications that have been found to be active in treating BPH.
- 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors
Other medications used may include:
- loop diuretic
Medications are only useful for treating BPH and do not prevent the condition. However, they also come with some side effects.
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People may choose natural alternatives and lifestyle changes if the side effects of their medication are worse than their BPH symptoms.
Side effects include:
- drop in blood pressure upon standing
- sexual dysfunction
- nasal congestion
Other sources of polyphenols
Polyphenols have been proven to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects on the body. Many polyphenols have been used in animal and clinical trials to determine if these can help manage symptoms of BPH.
Specific foods can be integrated into the diet to help manage BPH alongside medications. The foods are listed here followed by the active ingredient(s) they contain:
- Green tea — EGC.
- Fava beans and soybeans — genistein.
- Flaxseeds and sesame seeds — secoisolariciresinol diglucoside, lignans, and enterolactone.
- Tomatoes — lycopene.
- Soy and peanuts — biochanin.
- Soya — equol and anthocyanins.
Other home remedies
Herbal remedies are another type of home treatment that could also assist in managing BPH. Red stinkwood and saw palmetto have both been shown to help manage symptoms.
People should be cautious if using herbal remedies because they may affect other medications.
If other treatments for BPH have not helped to ease symptoms, surgery is another option. Many men find surgery effective, but it does not always alleviate symptoms immediately or to the desired level.
When to see a doctor
Someone with the symptoms of BPH should visit their doctor. It is essential to establish what is causing these symptoms as some are common with prostate cancer. Also, it is possible to have BPH and prostate cancer at the same time.
Disclaimer: The content provided on healthdiary365.com is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be interpreted as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical doctor or healthcare professional.