Female Infertility: 7 Main Causes

If you and your partner have been trying to have a baby but all efforts have proved abortive, you should know that this is very normal for a few different reasons. There are many different causes of female infertility. The most important thing is to be familiar with them so you can act accordingly.

  1. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Most the causes of female infertility come from an imbalance in female sex hormones. PCOS usually causes changes in the woman’s menstrual cycle and formation of cysts on their ovaries. The little follicles in the ovaries don’t develop enough to mature, which prevents the release of eggs.

READ ALSO: Best diet for PCOS

The most common symptoms of this condition are:

  • Excessive hair growth
  • Acne
  • Irregular periods
  • Obesity

It’s vital for women with this condition to see your doctor to do certain hormonal tests and run other routine exams.

READ ALSO: How to Get Pregnant With PCOS

2. Ovulation Problems

Ovulation problems occur when eggs fail to mature in your ovaries. It occurs when your ovaries can’t release a mature egg. Some symptoms may include:

READ ALSO: Ovulation: All You Need to Know

  • Mild or heavy flow
  • Irregular or absent menstrual periods
  • Absence of symptoms leading up to menstruation such as inflammation or breast tenderness.

Ovulation problems can be corrected with the right medication. However, see your doctor so they can evaluate your specific condition and prescribe you the exact medication.

3. Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a nonthreatening inflammatory condition that affects women in their productive age. This condition causes organs to adhere together.

READ ALSO: New Drug for Endometriosis Pain Approved by FDA

The adhesions are made of tissue that normally grows within the uterus, but in this case, it grows outside of it. In some cases, there are no symptoms. Others may experience symptoms like:

  • Excessive pain or cramps during their menstrual period
  • Pain during sex
  • Bleeding or spotting outside of their period
  • Pelvic pain
  • Bleeding more than usual

If you experience this issues or do not want to have children yet and have not gone to the gynecologist, it’s a good idea to go for a routine checkup.

4. Fallopian tubes problems

Fallopian tubes take the released egg during ovulation, transport the sperm to the egg, and lead the fertilized egg to the uterus. However, when there’s damage to your Fallopian tubes, there are usually blocks that stop the fertilized egg from being able to implant itself in the uterus.

READ ALSO: Symptoms and Tests for Blocked Fallopian Tubes

This type of damage could be caused by:

  • Infections
  • sexually transmitted infections (STI) such as gonorrhea or chlamydia
  • Previous pelvic surgery
  • Changes since birth

Injuries in the fallopian tubes can also lead to ectopic pregnancy that happen outside of the uterus or inside the Fallopian tubes.

5. Age

The chances of getting pregnant gradually decline with increase in age. Sadly, this factor isn’t one that you can fight, and after all, your body is a machine. As it gets older, some processes have to change.

  • If a woman is healthy, the most ideal age range to try to have a baby is between 22 and 35. Though some women don’t have issues with conceiving after 35.
  • If you live with a chronic illness, ask your gynecologist if there’s a different age range. They could tell you that women with diabetes could start having difficulties around age 30 or 31.

6. Not Enough Sexual Relations at the Right Time

Female infertility can also be caused by not having enough sexual relations at the right time, especially when the woman is ovulating. A woman isn’t fertile every day of the month. If you have any doubts on when the best/right time is, consult your doctor for directions.

7. Immune System Fights and Eliminates Sperm

The way the immune respond between certain tissues in your reproductive system can cause infertility. Your antibodies can act against your ovarian tissue, thereby impeding fertility.

The way to fix this differs according to how strong the antibodies are. Only your doctor can tell you the best option.

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