Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer among American men, after skin cancer. According to estimate from The American Cancer Society, males with prostate cancer have a 5-year survival rate of 99 percent.
Though prostate cancer is not fatal, it can still carry serious consequences for quality of life and may be deadly.
Can you prevent prostate cancer?
There is no best way to prevent prostate cancer, but several natural methods can help including exercising regularly, maintaining a healthful weight, and eating lots of fruits and vegetables. Most natural methods of reducing this risk are safe if a person follows a doctor’s instructions and have no allergic response.
Natural ways to lower risk
Researchers continue to investigate the potential for medications and natural remedies to reduce the risk of prostate cancer.
The following drugs may effective:
- dutasteride (Avodart)
- finasteride (Proscar)
No study ultimately demonstrates that any drugs can eliminate the risk. In recent years, research has tested the efficacy of natural remedies. However, it is not an effective treatment for prostate cancer. Below are some natural remedies that are used to lower the risk of prostate cancer.
Omega-3 fatty acids
Omega-3 fatty acids are found in fish and other types of seafood. Additional sources include flax seeds, soybeans, walnuts.
There is some evidence that omega-3s fatty acids may reduce prostate cancer risk.
However, many experts no longer believe that the acids have noteworthy cancer-fighting properties.
Researchers published a review in 2016 of 105 studies that considered the effects of coffee on cancer risk.
They concluded that the antioxidant properties of coffee may reduce the risk of developing prostate cancer and some other types of the disease.
READ ALSO: Prostate Cancer: All You Need to Know
Soy products contain isoflavones which are a chemical compound with anti-inflammatory properties. Soybean products includes: soy milk, tofu, and miso.
Other foods that contain isoflavones include: beans, chickpeas, and alfalfa.
A 2016 study concluded that isoflavones could benefit health in several ways, including helping to protect against prostate cancer.
Tomatoes contain a compound called lycopene. Some studies suggest that lycopene may reduce the risk of stomach, lung, and prostate cancers. Fruits that also contain lycopene includes watermelon, apricots, and grapefruit.
READ ALSO: Can Women Get Prostate Cancer?
A review from 2016 concluded that increased tomato consumption resulted in a reduced risk of prostate cancer, though the authors noted that more research is needed.
Foods to avoid
A person’s risk of developing prostate cancer may increase due to some compounds in foods. Consider avoiding the following:
High fatty foods can increase the risk of many types of cancer, and the omega-6 fatty acids in vegetable oils may promote the growth of prostate cancer cells. Oils from corn, sunflowers, safflowers, cottonseed, and soybeans, can contain large amounts of omega-6 fatty acids.
Sugar and carbohydrates
The glycemic load and glycemic index measurements show how quickly carbohydrates and sugars affect the blood sugar and insulin levels of a person. A diet with a high glycemic load may upsurge the risk of developing prostate cancer. Studies suggests that sugar may have the highest impact on the risk of prostate, pancreatic cancer and colorectal and cancers.
Selenium and vitamin E
The medical community once considered vitamin E and selenium to be enemies of cancer. However, more recent research suggests that these compounds, when taken together or in isolation, can increase the risk of prostate cancer in some people.
Grilled or fried meats
When a person cooks beef, poultry, and pork, at high temperatures, the meat may form chemicals that cause changes in DNA, resulting in an increased risk of cancer. The National Cancer Institute in the United States advises against eating meats cooked at high temperatures, typically by grilling or frying.