Common Reproductive Health Problems of Women

Most women are faced with reproductive health issues such as menstrual period, acne, premenstrual pain, anaemia, and lots of others. Some of the common diseases that affect the reproductive system in women are:

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  1. Dysmenorrhea

Another name for painful menstruation is dysmenorrhea. Dysmenorrhea is a condition that causes cramps in the lower abdomen which radiates to upper abdomen, waist, and thighs. It is sometimes accompanied by systemic symptoms like headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and dizziness. Dysmenorrhea could be caused by ovarian tumors, endometriosis, and fibroids.

2. Leucorrhoea

This is an extreme white vaginal discharge that is accompanied by symptoms like burning sensation, itching burning, and pain followed by body ache and tiredness is leucorrhea. Some of the causes include poor hygiene, unprotected sexual contact, lack of nutrients, injuries to the cervix or any of the tissues in the reproductive system during pregnancy, urinary tract infection, irritation due to external contraceptive, bacteria or fungal infections, and irritation due to contraceptives that are inserted into the vagina.

READ ALSO: What Can I Do About My Menstrual Cramps?

3. Amenorrhea 

Amenorrhoea is absence of menstrual periods. Symptoms of amenorrhea might include the absence of periods, loss of hair, vision changes, discharge of milky nipple, headache, and excess facial hair. Some of the causes of PCOS, hormonal problems, excess weight, contraception, and stress. If you missed at least three periods in a row, consult your doctor.


Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder among women of reproductive age. Most women with PCOS have many small cysts on their ovaries. The cysts are harmless but can lead to hormone imbalances. One hormonal change triggers another, which changes another forming a vicious cycle. The incidence of PCOS appears to be rising in India day by day. It is seen in as many as 5% to 10% of women in their reproductive age. It could be hereditary. Also, a family history of diabetes could put you at an increased risk of PCOS.

5. Uterine fibroids

Uterine fibroids are the most common noncancerous tumors in women of reproductive age. Fibroids are made of muscle cells and other tissues that grow in and around the wall of the uterus. Risk factors include being African-American or being overweight. Some of the symptoms of fibroids include;

  • Heavy or painful periods or bleeding between periods
  • Urinating often
  • Feeling full in the lower abdomen
  • Lower back pain
  • Reproductive problems, such as infertility and multiple miscarriages
  • Pain during sex

But some women will have no symptoms. That is why it is important to see your doctor for routine checkups.

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