E-cigarettes have so far attained popularity compared to traditional cigarettes. Now researchers are certain that the e-liquid and vapors contain cancer-causing substances that can be dangerous to the lungs.
Researchers over the past years have discovered that, in spite of being publicized as a safer alternative to traditional cigarettes, electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) actually contains substances that may be damaging to health.
READ ALSO: Can Vaping Cause Lung Problems?
A study reported that “e-cigarettes might be just as bad as cigarettes.” Also, one study paper explains that e-cigarettes may produce dangerously high levels of formaledhyde (chemical compounds that harbor carcinogenic properties). Prolonged exposure to these substances can cause cancer.
A new study from the University of Nevada in Reno puts forward that the aldehydes released by e-cigarettes are in large quantities which do get absorbed into the lungs.
Lead study author Vera Samburova said; “Until now, the only research on the respiratory uptake of aldehydes during smoking has been done on conventional cigarette users.”
“Little is known about this process for e-cigarette use,” she adds, “and understanding the unique risks vaping poses to users is critical in determining toxicological significance.”
For the new study, researchers observed 12 participants who used e-cigarettes. The findings was published in the journal Toxics — Samburova. To be able to quantify the level of toxic substances that were absorbed into the e-cigarette users’ respiratory systems, the researchers developed a method whereby they were able to establish what the concentration of aldehydes was in the participants’ breath both before and after vaping.
The research team were able to calculate the concentration of toxic chemicals absorbed into the lungs of the participants by subtracting the quantity of aldehydes found in the e-cigarette users’ exhaled breath from that of the chemicals found directly in the vapors produced by the devices.
From their conclusion, they discovered that the average concentration of aldehydes in the breath after vaping sessions was about 10 and a half times higher than before vaping.
“Beyond that, we saw that the concentration of chemicals like formaldehyde in the breath after vaping was hundreds of times lower than what is found in the direct e-cigarette vapors, which suggests that a significant amount is being retained in the user’s respiratory tract,” Vera Samburova said.
In the course of the study, the team ensured that the participants’ vaping practices corresponded, as closely as possible, with how they used e-cigarettes normally outside the lab.
READ ALSO: Health Risks of Vaping
Almost all of the participants used their own e-cigarettes and e-liquids of their own preference, and they vaped for just as long as they typically would.
This suggests that study results indicating that e-cigarettes produce high levels of toxic chemicals, which are then assimilated by the users, actually do apply to daily usage practices, and not just to lab conditions only.