A risk factor is something that can significantly increase your chances of getting a disease. Different cancers can have different risk factors, however having a risk factor doesn’t certainly mean that you will suffer from cancer. Most people with one or more risk factors never get cancer, while others who get cancer may have had no risk factors.
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5 major risk factors of developing prostate cancer
According to experts, there are certain risk factors that can make a man prone to developing prostate cancer over time:
Most often than not, the cases of prostate cancer appears to run in some families. This may mean there’s an inherited or genetic factor. Though in some cases, prostate cancers occur in men without a family history of it. Having a father or brother with prostate cancer can double a man’s risk of developing this disease.
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Prostate cancer rarely happens in men who are younger or below 40 years of age. However, the chances of developing cancer after the age of 50 increases. There are some changes that occur in the prostate gland as a man increases in age. An enlarged prostate may not be a sign of cancer but cancerous cells can divide speedily as the gland increases, leading to cancer.
Geography also plays a role in snowballing a person’s risk of getting prostate cancer. Cancer is more common in Northwestern Europe, North America, Australia, and on Caribbean islands. It is less common in South America, Africa, Asia, and Central America. The reason for this is not clear. But researchers believe that since the numbers of prostate cancer cases are increasing globally, it is important for men globally to undergo screening.
A person’s risk of developing prostate cancer can also do with genes. However, genetics account for a small percentage. Inherited mutations of the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes raise the risk of breast and ovarian cancers in some families. In some men, the mutations in BRCA2 may also increase prostate cancer risk.
Prostate cancer mostly affects African-American men and Caribbean men of African ancestry than in men of other races. African-American men are twice more likely to die of prostate cancer compared to white men. However, the numbers are also increasing in India yearly of late.
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