Everything to Know About Bladder Cysts

Bladder cysts form inside the lining of the urinary bladder. A cyst is a sac-like pocket of membranous tissue filled with pus, fluid or other substances. Cysts can grow anywhere in your body. When cysts form inside the bladder, they’re usually non-cancerous. However, people with bladder cysts have a high risk of developing bladder cancer.

READ ALSO: Bladder Stones: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, and Prevention

Symptoms of bladder cysts

Unless a bladder cyst is very large or linked to an underlying condition, it doesn’t always cause symptoms. If symptoms do appear, they may include:

These symptoms can be very similar to those that occur in other conditions, such as:

Causes of bladder cysts

Doctors believe some cysts occur due to chronic inflammation in the bladder. Some persons may be at a greater risk of having a bladder cyst if they have:

  • recurrent UTIs
  • history of bladder or kidney stones
  • use a catheter
  • have had surgery on or near the bladder

Diagnosing bladder cysts

Your doctor will ask you questions about your symptoms. You may be asked to urinate inside a cup so your urine can be tested for bacteria or any unusual features.

READ ALSO: Ovarian Cysts

If a cyst is suspected in your bladder, you may be referred to a urologist who may likely run further diagnostic studies to rule out other types of bladder conditions. Imaging tests might be used to help your doctor check your bladder. These may include one or more of the following:

  • plain film X-ray
  • CT scan
  • ultrasound
  • MRI scan

If a mass is discovered inside your bladder after the series of diagnostic tests, the urologist will perform a cystoscopy and bladder biopsy procedure to examine your bladder if the mass contains cancerous cells.

Treating bladder cysts

Most bladder cysts don’t cause complications and don’t require any form of treatment. If the cyst ruptures or becomes infected, it may be removed by surgery. A person will receive treatment if a doctor believes the cysts were related to urinary tract infections or urinary tract stones.

Complications of bladder cysts

Bladder cysts don’t usually cause any complications. However, they can sometimes lead to:

  • rupture
  • infection in the cyst
  • urinary obstruction(blockage)

 

 

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