Bladder infection in men is a urinary tract infection (UTI) caused by bacteria. Women mostly suffer this this type of infection due to the structural differences of their urinary tracts. Women have a shorter urethra which increases their chances of bacteria traveling up to the bladder. Though bladder infection is mostly common in women, men also get it too.
Symptoms of Male Bladder infection
Symptoms of urinary tract infections may be similar in both men and women, but some symptoms are characteristic to men. They include:
- sudden urge to pass out urine
- frequent urge to urinate
- Peeing little amounts of urine
- Urinating frequently at night
- Lower back pain or cramping in the lower abdomen
- Burning sensation when urinating
- Foul-smelling urine that may be cloudy
- Blood in the urine
The following UTI symptoms are explicit to men:
- Swollen scrotum
- Penile discharge
It is possible for bladder infection to recur in men after the initial infection because the bacteria may hide and multiply within the prostate gland.
READ ALSO: Urinary Tract Infections, UTIs in Men
Causes of Bladder infection
Bladder infection is caused by bacteria which multiply in the urethra and travel into the bladder. These bacteria include Staphylococcus, Escherichia Coli, Pseudomonas, and Klebsiella. The infection can multiply and reach the kidneys and bloodstream if left untreated for long.
Bladder infection in males can sometimes be caused by fungi or other parasites.
Risk Factors for Bladder Infection in Men
Some factors can increase the risk of bladder infection in men. These include:
- Weak immune system caused by conditions like HIV or diabetes
- Circumcision: The chances of uncircumcised men developing bladder infection is higher compared to circumcised men
- Age: Men who are 50 years and above are more likely to contract bladder infection due to enlargement of the prostate gland.
- Anal sex: Men who engage in anal sex are at a higher risk of getting sexually-transmitted UTIs.
Diagnosis and Treating Bladder infection
The following tests may be carried out to diagnose bladder infection:
- A complete physical examination including reference to any medical history or surgeries
- Rectal examinations to check the state of the prostate
- Urine cultures to detect the pathogen causing the infection
- Blood tests
- Intravenous pyelogram (IVP), a series of X-rays that detect any abnormalities in the urinary tract
- Ultrasonography, a test that detects presence of kidney stones
Treating Bladder infections in men
Antibiotics is usually administered to treat bladder infection. The dosage depends on the degree of the condition. However, taking antibiotics for a week treat the infection. Your doctor may also prescribe pain and fever medication to manage the symptoms of the bladder infection.
In severe cases where the prostate is infected, treatment may go on for two to six weeks. It is vital that you take the full dosage of the medication. Failure to do so will give the bacteria a chance to develop immunity against the particular antibiotic, thus making them stronger.
How to prevent recurring bladder infection in men
The following lifestyle and diet changes can help prevent recurrence of bladder infection:
- Drink lots of water to encourage urination which helps to flush out bacteria from your urinary tract.
- Avoid holding urine for too long
- Maintain a healthy lifestyle like eating balanced diet, eating probiotic foods like yogurt.
- Urinate immediately after having sexual intercourse to reduce the risk of infection.
- Maintain a high standard of hygiene.
- Practice safe sex by using protection.
- Ensure you and your sexual partner are treated for any infections.