Pelvic pains and cramps are common symptoms most women experience during their menstrual period. Some women do have cramps a few days before commencement of their period. Some experience it on the first couple of days into their period. This is completely normal and shouldn’t be an issue for concern. However, pelvic pain might indicate that there is an underlying problem that needs to be addressed. If the pain is associated with excessive bleeding and severe pain, then consult your doctor.
READ ALSO: Causes of Chronic Pelvic Pain in Women
9 Possible Causes of Pelvic pain before period
- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
Sexually transmitted infections or diseases that has been left untreated for long can cause a woman’s reproductive organ to become infected. Symptoms include pain in the lower abdomen, smelly discharge, pain during intercourse, and irregular cycles.
Endometriosis also causes pelvic pain. It occurs when tissue from the lining of the uterus begins to grow outside the womb. Since the extra tissue cannot be shed by the body during menstruation, it causes the formation of cysts and fibrous tissues.
- Cervical or Uterine Cancers
When cervical cancer is in its advanced stages, it can cause pelvic pain. Cervical cancer is the uncontrollable growth of cells in the cervix. Symptoms of uterine cancer include pelvic pain, painful intercourse, pain while urinating and unusual vaginal discharge.
- Interstitial Cystitis
This condition is also known as painful bladder syndrome, this occurs when the bladder is inflamed, causing pelvic pain before period. Symptoms include frequent urination, sharp pains in the bladder, pressure around the pelvic area, and painful intercourse.
- Uterine Fibroids
Uterine fibroids are benign growths of tissue that cause pressure in the lower abdomen, but don’t usually cause any pain until they start dying. Common symptoms include pelvic cramps, heavy bleeding, pain during and between periods, lower abdomen pressure, and painful intercourse.
- Ectopic Pregnancy
Usually pregnancy occurs inside the uterus or womb. However, ectopic pregnancy occurs outside the woman’s womb, usually in the fallopian tubes or cervix in some rare cases. Endometriosis can increase the risk for this kind of pregnancy, and up to 50% of women who have experienced this have also had PID.
- Menstrual Cramps
Menstrual cramps can cause dull aches or sharp pains around the lower abdomen. This is completely normal and is experienced by many women a few days before and during their periods.
READ ALSO: 8 Possible Causes of Heavy Menstrual Period
- Ovarian Remnant Syndrome
After a hysterectomy, a tissue from the ovaries may be left behind, causing chronic pain and discomfort in the pelvic area, this is known as ovarian remnant syndrome. Other symptoms include pain that is experienced during urination, stooling, or sexual intercourse.
Pelvic pain can also be triggered by early pregnancy. These cramps will range anywhere from a few seconds to a few hours and may occur occasionally within the span of a few days. This pain usually occur as the embryo attaches itself to the lining of the uterus. The amount of pain varies for every woman and can range anywhere from mildly to considerably painful. Other associated symptoms that may prove pregnancy include tender breasts, missed period, nausea, and dizziness.
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