Can Weight Loss Affect Your Period?
A woman’s monthly menstrual cycle is affected by two major hormones: progesterone and estrogen. Estrogen helps to mature the uterine lining and to mature the egg before ovulation, while progesterone basically controls the buildup of the uterine lining and helps mature and maintain the uterine lining during pregnancy.
READ ALSO: Keto Coffee for Weight Loss: Does it Work?
If pregnancy fails to occur, the progesterone levels falls and the uterine lining sheds as menstruation. So, is it possible for weight loss to affect your period?
A woman can experience missed periods due to excessive weight loss. The thyroid gland can undergo fluctuations, either due to dieting or eating disorders. These changes will in turn leads to a reduction of these reproductive hormones, leading to the absence of menses (secondary amenorrhea).
If a woman loses more than 10% of her body weight in a short period of time, she can experience amenorrhea can be caused by losing more than 10% of your ideal body weight within a short period of time.
Underweight women do not normally produce enough estrogen. This is because they lack sufficient fat, so their cells find it difficult to convert cholesterol into estrogen. Enough estrogen is required to build the uterine lining to have periods. So, women who are underweight are likely to get fewer periods or stay longer without having ovulation.
Can Weight Gain Affect Your Period?
Yes, just like weight loss, it is also possible for weight gain to affect your period. A weak estrogen called estrone can be formed from basic cholesterol compounds found in fat cells. Overweight women with extra fat cells have little estrone-forming units that have an estrogenic effect on glands.
READ ALSO: 8 Possible Causes of Heavy Menstrual Period
This additional estrogen may lead to menstrual maladies. The uterine lining of overweight women may keep accumulating, but they can go for months without experiencing ovulation. It gets to a point where the lining becomes unstable, thus, a woman can experience a very heavy period or prolonged bleeding.
Does Period Affect Your Weight?
Weight loss or weight gain can affect a woman’s menstrual cycle, just as it is equally possible for a period to affect a woman’s weight. For some women, it may appear like they have added some weight during that time of the month. However, menstruation may not cause the changes in weight.
Some symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS), may include changes in appetite and unusual food cravings, which could affect weight. Studies have shown that women will guzzle more calories during different phases of the menstrual cycle. They appear to crave foods with high carbohydrate and fat content during menstrual periods.
A temporary PMS symptom called bloating may affect some women, making them feel heavier or fuller. Salty foods can cause water retention in the body, which portrays temporary weight gain on the scale.
It is advisable for women to avoid salty foods during and after your period. Instead, include fruits and vegetables in your diet and drink lots of water to reduce the bloated feeling.