Tinnitus: Causes & Treatments of Ringing in Ears

Ringing in the Ears Symptoms

Ringing sensation in the ears, also called tinnitus, could be associated with the following symptoms:

  • Hearing sounds no one else hears
  • Unexplained ringing, whistling, hissing in the ears
  • Noise that is incessant or recurrent

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There are four sections of the hearing system and ringing in the ears can start in any of them. They include:

  • the outer ear
  • the middle ear
  • the inner ear
  • the brain

There are several types of tinnitus, all which produce different ringing in the ears symptoms and noises that include:

  • Subjective tinnitus: This is the most common. It involves hearing a sound no one else can.
  • Pulsatile tinnitus: Pulsatile tinnitus produces a ringing or buzzing sound in most cases. It can also produce a clicking sound that is intermittent with your heartbeat.
  • Objective tinnitus: This type is very rare. Your doctor may be able to hear the sounds you hear using a stethoscope.

Causes of Ringing in the Ears

Difficulty in hearing due to ringing sensations in the ears isn’t a disease, but rather a symptom of other underlying conditions. Therefore, all cases of tinnitus should be carefully observed to make sure it’s not a symptom of something serious.

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Some of the most common causes of tinnitus include:.

Lifestyle causes of ringing in the ears

  • Age-related hearing loss: Age-related hearing loss is normal with age. Though it does make tinnitus more common.
  • Loud noise: Tinnitus could be caused by concerts or work environments. Consult your doctor if symptoms persists for several days.

Medications: Taking some medications could also lead to tinnitus. They include:

  • Antibiotics: Some antibiotics can cause temporary tinnitus.
  • Aspirin and NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) can lead to tinnitus, especially when taken in high doses.
  • Antimalarial drugs like quinine and chloroquine can cause tinnitus.

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Diseases that cause ringing in the ears

  1. Meniere’s disease

This is caused by abnormal inner ear fluid pressure. It can cause severe dizziness, roaring sound in ears, hearing loss that is recurrent with the feeling of ear pressure or pain. Meniere’s most often starts in only one ear. Symptoms may include, ringing in the ear, vertigo, nausea, ear pressure, and fainting.

2. Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Dysfunction Disorder

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is located in front of the ear, and it links the jaw to the side of the head. Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a painful condition which can be caused by excess tension in jaw muscles, defective alignment between upper and lower teeth, facial injury, injury to the jay, or arthritis in the joint. Symptoms include pain, dizziness, restricted movement, and clicking sounds from jaw.

  1. Earwax Blockage

It is normal for the ear to produce earwax as a way of protecting the ear from infection. Sometimes, ear wax can accumulate and cover the eardrum, which is a thin layer of skin that stretches across the end of the ear canal and collects sound from outside. Ear wax buildup cannot be prevented by washing or other forms of personal hygiene. The condition may resolve on its own after about 5 days. Symptoms may include swollen ear, dry cough, dizziness, ear fullness, and ringing in ears.

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  1. Fibromyalgia

This is a disorder that causes extensive pain, fatigue, and tenderness. Symptoms may include depression, fatigue, headache, anxiety, and ringing in ear. It is a lifetime condition

  1. Paget Disease of the Bone

Paget’s disease of the bone affects the recycling process of the bone. It mostly affects people older than 55 years old. While many people with the disease have no symptoms, some suffer from bone pain, abnormal shapes of bone and weaker bones that can break more easily.

This is a lifelong condition and treatment may become essential as the disease progresses. Symptoms may include back pain, headache, pelvis pain, bone pain, and moderate hip pain.

Treatments for Ringing in the Ears

Most cases of ringing in the ear will resolve without treatment. However, if it persists for more than five days, it you should consult a doctor immediately.

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There are both preventative measures and treatments to treat tinnitus.

Preventative measures for ringing in the ears include:

  • Put on ear protection when around loud noises
  • Go for routine ear screenings
  • Quit smoking
  • Eat healthy and exercise to improve cardiovascular health

Home remedies to help stop the ringing in your ears include:

  • Gingko biloba: Gingko biloba has been suggested but controlled trials have yet to prove promising results
  • Acupuncture: Some claim to get relief from tinnitus through acupuncture.
  • White noise: You can use a white noise machine to lessen the intensity of the ringing in the ears.

If you observe ringing sensations in your ears, monitor the symptoms and try to establish a cause. If you have issues about the seriousness of your tinnitus, consult your doctor for proper diagnosis.

Article source: buoyhealth.com

Photo source: hear.com

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