Babies are vulnerable to accidents that jeopardize their lives. It is important to know cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) techniques in case of emergency when you may need to use it to restore their heartbeat or breathing.
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Everyone needs to know child resuscitation techniques are techniques in case you need to resuscitate a baby. Knowing how to apply these procedures can mean the difference between life and death.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, or CPR, is a lifesaving procedure that is administered when a person stops breathing or their heart stops beating.
When to administer CPR
Time is very crucial in case of an accident involving a baby. A baby can be involved in an head injury accident, food poisoning, choking on small objects like coins, toys, or buttons, bleeding profusely from wound and others. When a baby is unconscious and not breathing, only only 4 minutes without oxygen may cause irreversible damage to the brain and they can die 4 to 6 minutes later.
If a baby starts making strange noises or doesn’t make any noise at all, gags, or their skin starts to change color, and they may be choking. You must act quickly and keep calm to be able to apply effective techniques to resuscitate your baby.
How to Resuscitate a Baby
Quickly evaluate the situation
If a child isn’t breathing and their skin changes color, you must help get rid of any object that’s causing an obstruction in their airway. When the baby is unconscious, you should apply CPR so they can breathe again and so their heart starts beating again before calling emergency services.
Help them eject what’s choking them
If a baby is unconscious, you can help get rid of what’s choking them by:
- Put them face up on your forearm and supporting their head and neck with the same hand. Place your other hand and forearm over the child, so that they’re in the middle of your forearms.
- Use your thumb and forefinger to hold the baby’s jaw open with your other hand.
- Turn them over and place them on their stomach, resting on your other forearm. Support the arm that’s holding the baby on your thigh. The baby’s head should be below your chest.
- With your free hand,give five gentle but firm blows between their shoulder blades to try to remove the object. Hold their jaw firmly, enough to also hold their head and neck.
- If the baby fails to vomit the object, place your free hand (the one you hit them with) on their neck and support that arm on your baby’s spine. Turn them around while keeping your other hand and forearm on their chest.
- With the hand you’re using to hold their head, use your thumb and forefinger to hold the baby’s jaw open. Support the arm that’s holding your baby’s back on your thigh. Ensure that the baby’s head is below your body.
- Place the center of two or three fingers in the middle of your baby’s chest, right around the nipples. Push down about 3 to 4 centimeters.Release the pressure without lifting your fingers from the breastbone.
- Repeat five gentle compressions. Then flip the baby around and apply five back blows, then repeat chest compressions.
- Keep on repeating until you get out the object or your baby begins to cough or breathe on their own.
Apply CPR if your baby is unconscious
- If the baby is unconscious, shout their name and check their chest for any movement and try to listen to their breathing.
- Place your baby on their back on a firm surface and hold the baby’s forehead with one hand, tilting their head back. With the other hand, apply pressure on the baby’s chest pushing down 3 to 4 centimeters and then allow the chest rise completely.
- Do 30 compressions quickly without pausing (“and 1, and 2, and 3” up to 30).
- Open their airway. Lift their chin with one hand while pushing their headback with the other.
- Check for breathing:Put your ear close to the baby’s nose and mouth, see if their chest is moving, and feel their breathing on your cheek.
- If the baby is not breathing, cover the baby’s nose and mouth with your mouth. If you can’t cover both, just cover the nose and keep their mouth shut.Blow two breaths steadily into the baby (they should last a second) and watch their chest rise.
- If the baby still isn’t breathing, check if you can see what’s blocking their airway. If you can see it, try to remove it with your little finger.
- Repeat the compressions and 2 breaths until the baby regains consciousness or help arrives.
Watch video below for more guidelines on how to administer CPR on a baby.
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