What is type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes occurs when your body loses its ability to use up glucose in the blood, also known as blood sugar. If left unchecked for long, type 2 diabetes can lead to heart disease, kidney damage, nerve damage, and loss of vision.
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The early signs of diabetes always goes unnoticed. Also, some people are asymptomatic, and can remain undiagnosed for a long time.
Consult your doctor immediately if you notice any of the early signs below.
An early symptom of type 2 diabetes which usually goes unnoticed is extreme thirst. It is linked to high blood sugar levels, which cause thirst on their own, and is aggravated by frequent urination. Drinking lots of water don’t normally quench the thirst.
Frequent urination or polyuria, is a sign that your blood sugar levels are high enough to “spill” into your urine. Some of the glucose may go into your urine if your kidneys is having a hard time keeping up with the amount of glucose.
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Wounds taking longer to heal
Type 2 diabetes causes your blood vessels to narrow, thereby slowing down blood circulation and hampering the required oxygen and nutrients from gaining access to heal wounds. If left unchecked for long, high blood sugar levels also damage your immune system, making it difficult for your body to fight infection.
Dark skin patches
Another early warning symptom of type 2 diabetes is the appearance of dark, velvety discoloration in the folds of your skin which becomes thickened. The parts of the body where this discoloration may be found includes the armpits, groin area, and neck. This is caused by an excess of insulin in the blood.
Extreme hunger, also called polyphagia, is also an early warning sign of diabetes. This happens when your body uses the glucose in your blood to feed your cells. When this system is broken, your cells can’t absorb the glucose, making your body to constantly looking for more fuel.
You may lose weight even while eating excessively because you have excess glucose circulating that it comes out in your urine.
Type 2 diabetes causes tingling sensation or numbness in your hands, fingers, feet, and toes. This condition called diabetic neuropathy or nerve damage, develops slowly.
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If diabetes is left unchecked, it can lead to blurred vision. It can be a result of suddenly high blood sugar levels, which affect the tiny blood vessels in the eyes, causing fluid to seep into the lens of the eye. The blurriness will usually resolve. A person with this condition stands the risk of going blind permanently.
Consult your doctor immediately if you suspect that you may be experiencing any of the early signs of type 2 diabetes. Early intervention reduces your risk of deadly complications.
Source: healthline.com, theathletelab.com
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