As a woman advances in age, menstruation ceases and women stop producing oestrogen and progesterone hormones which are needed for ovulation. This stage of a woman’s life is described as menopause.
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Most women undergo menopause in their late 40s and 50s, whereas, some women may experience it at an earlier stage. If a woman undergoes menopause before the age of 40, or between 40 and 45, it can be defined as premature menopause.
According to a new study, prenatal malnutrition can also lead to an early menopause and increase the risk of premature ovarian failure. This large-scale study involved almost 3000 Chinese women born during the Great Chinese Famine, between 1956 and 1964.
Symptoms of early menopause include
- Irregular periods
- hot flashes
- vaginal dryness
Causes of premature menopause
Premature menopause may occur if the ovarian tissues are damaged by ovarian genetics and some autoimmune disorders like thyroid disease, thereby affecting their ability to produce hormones needed for menstruation.
Cancer treatment involving radiation or chemotherapy to the pelvis may lead to the damage of ovarian cells, thereby eventually causing a woman to go into early menopause.
When a woman enters early menopause, she can experience several heart and bone problems. She may also have issues with memory and depression.
READ ALSO: Major Signs of Hormones Imbalance in Women
It is best for menopause to start at the right age. You can achieve that by observing the following tips.
Check your weight
When a woman is underweight, it can lead to hormonal imbalance which causes a reduction in oestrogen levels, according to various studies. This may cause her to go into early menopause. If you are not certain about your weight, you can consult a nutritionist to figure out a menu that allows you to maintain the best body weight.
Yoga helps to keep stress at bay. Women who experience harsh economic conditions is likely to experience early menopause and stress, according to a study conducted by the Boston University School of Public Health. Other studies have also linked chronic stress and raised levels of stress hormones like cortisol which may cause early menopause. Easy yoga poses you can practice include chair pose, standing forward bend, side-angle pose, and others.
Check your food
Consuming vegetable protein can reduce your risk of early menopause, according to a study conducted at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. The study recommends that women should have vegetable proteins such as beans, nuts, cereal, quinoa, tofu and soy products.
Also, foods rich in phytoestrogens (natural compound found in plants and plant-based foods), should also be consumed by women because these foods helps women trying to rebalance their hormones as they approach towards menopause.
Both active and passive smokers may experience menopause 1 to 2 years earlier than women who don’t smoke, according to a study published in the British Medical Journal. Smoking can damage your cells and since your ovarian follicles.
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