When the regular use of marijuana is abruptly stopped, a person can develop some withdrawal symptoms.
Many people use marijuana without experiencing withdrawal effects, however, regular marijuana use can develop into marijuana use disorder, which can be an addiction in severe cases.
Marijuana addiction can be described as the sustained use of the drug in spite of negative consequences in a person’s life, such as issues relating to their family, health, job, or relationships.
Marijuana withdrawal symptoms peak within the first week of quitting and can last up to 2 weeks.
Symptoms of marijuana withdrawal can include:
- Abdominal pain
- Difficulty sleeping
- Decreased appetite
- Cravings for marijuana
Marijuana and Withdrawal Symptoms
Marijuana is obtained from the dry extracts of the plant Cannabis sativa. This plant contains delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is the substance that causes the psychoactive effects associated with marijuana use. The more THC in marijuana, the greater its effect on the brain.
The brain and body will get used to regular supply of THC on regular use of marijuana. The body will automatically take some time to adjust when this supply is halted, leading to physical and psychological withdrawal symptoms.
Once the brain and body have adjusted to not having THC, the physical withdrawal symptoms will stop, however, the psychological cravings for marijuana may still persists.
Based on samples of impounded marijuana, the effectiveness of this dog has steadily increased. The THC content has risen from around 3.8 percent in the 1990s to 12.2 percent in 2014, indicating that withdrawal symptoms may be more extreme now compared to their erstwhile effects.
The physical discomforts that accompanies marijuana withdrawal increases in the first week of quitting and can last up to 2 weeks.
Brain receptors called cannabinoid 1 receptors start to return to normal after 2 days without marijuana, and they regain normal functioning within 4 weeks of ending the drug. People may feel cravings for marijuana after they have stopped using it.
Treating marijuana withdrawal
To treat marijuana withdrawal, some current treatment options include:
- Rehabilitation or detoxification centers: Those with severe marijuana use disorder can use this treatment. Though many people will not need to use an inpatient rehabilitation service.
- Outpatient therapy: Outpatient rehabilitation programs encompass working with a psychotherapist and attending treatment sessions on a regular basis.
- Support groups: A person may be able to find local or online support groups to connect with others with marijuana use disorder.
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